Conference

Date
18-20th of October 2018
Location
85 Minerilor Street
FSPAC
Buildings 1 and 2

PHOTOS

Nowadays, the humanities and social sciences seem to be disrupted, both epistemologically and methodologically, by the digital tools that make it possible to analyze heterogeneous and voluminous data. For their part, the Digital Humanities, and more broadly the Digital Studies, represent a developing field of research and teaching, studies and practices, the purpose of which is to understand the implications and digital opportunities as media, the object of study, develops a new ecosystem.

As they are concerned, the information and communication sciences (ICS) shed light on the societal and scientific challenges of the digital world due to their interdisciplinary pluralism (semiological, informational, sociological, etc.) which is situated on several levels (theoretical, methodological, and empirical) and covers several areas: for example, the transformation of knowledge circulation processes, the media coverage of workplace communication, information systems, and the issues of document digitization (CPDirSIC / SFSIC Symposium, From the Digital Humanities to Digital Studies, Paris, March 16, 2018).

Owing to their critical reflection on the genesis of the digital world, ICSs show that, despite the impact of digital technology on the process of data production and interpretation, the recurring questions posed by the human and social sciences remain central in order to grasp the complexity of communication and go beyond a strictly computational approach. Articulating humanities and digital as an object of study (approaches, fields, actors, field of research) refers to logic itself allowing a critical work positioning the ICSs as sciences of interpretation.However, do they have sufficient hindsight to analyze the forms of information socialization disrupted by digital technology, which affect not only man’s well-being, but also his professional skills and his relationship to society, to institutions and heritage?The contributions to this conference fall under the following eight themes, which will lead to several parallel workshops.

How do actors’ representations and sociotechnical devices contribute to the mediation and popularization of knowledge? How does the appropriation and sharing of knowledge (institutions, organizations, users …) evolve under the impulse of digital innovation (connected objects, teacher blogs, online teaching sites, tutorials, etc.)? In what way, through the dissemination of scientific knowledge by network actors (B. Latour), do the public claim their competence to evaluate the scientificity of one positioning or another?

Semantic devices make it possible to construct relationships of meaning between concepts and content that are at first sight remote, and that aim to provide the user with relevant, fast, and synthetic information. Therefore, the design gains to rely on specific methodologies that require to problematize the amodal aspect of the digital and integrate the theoretical and methodological contribution of the organization of knowledge. The expected contributions will target theoretical and methodological issues, resulting from reflections and field studies.

Do the scriptures for the Web and on the Web fall under an adaptation of the traditional categories of analysis-production or do they require new descriptors in the domain of genres (specific or not), multimodal textualities (associating written, image, sound) as well as the articulation between written culture and visual culture? How does one take into account the relationship between literacy and interculturality in writing practices and the uses of online writing?

The training of students and their professional integration are also affected by digital transformation. It is therefore necessary to question the skills expected by the socio-economic environment (digital literacies, soft skills, etc.) and to think collectively with a view to proposing formal pedagogical activities (contents, courses) and informal (creative internships, project-based workshops, fablab …) designed to train future professionals and researchers in information and communication.

This axis aims to problematize digital cultures through the transformation of media and digital information and communication devices. The contributions will focus on issues related to digital communication practices in several fields: economic, societal, political, cultural. The diversification of the devices also requires research focused on the dynamics of digital socio-cultural practices (solidarity, mobilization, collaborative projects, etc.). What representations of social life and what modes of action are configured by appropriate sociotechnical devices by actors acting in different connectivity environments?

Producing an archive of this type is not limited to a simple operation of saving information, creating a web page and or developing a query interface. It is also a question of ensuring the conservation of the source documents, the adequacy to the informational needs of the user (due to a precise methodology of design based on ontologies of domains, tools of indexing, and annotation data semantics) and the creation of relevant query interfaces and methods. How do ICS research position themselves against these methodological requirements?

On the one hand, ICS research can rely on existing tools from other related disciplines (linguistics, sociology, psychology …). On the other hand, given their epistemological specificities, ICS can also develop new, more appropriate instruments for collecting, observing and visualizing data. These tools can thus help to support ICS researchers in their own interpretative approach, offering them an alternative to the quantitative approach of Big Data. What relationships can be established between data processing and representation (data visualization) and meaningful construction practices? Emphasis will be placed on new collaborative research practices produced by the joint work of professionals and amateurs/readers.

In a reflexive view, the expected contributions will shed light on these questions: what is the assessment of these computational methods in terms of data production, collection of traces, and qualitative and quantitative interpretation of the results? Which methodological approaches from the digital humanities and digital studies are most relevant for the information and communication sciences?